Sun In Time

Retrieve 15 different observable wavelengths of images taken of the sun in 4K image resolution!


Description

For any date on which SDO/AIA has been observing the Sun, you may view a set of the observable wavelength channels, an SDO/HMI magnetogram, and blends of these channels.

NOTE: April-16-2010 is as far back as you can go to view images of the sun from the source I’m using! Anything further back won’t retrieve any images. Some wavelength bands may not be available from older dates.

Retrieve 15 different observable wavelengths of images taken of the sun in 4K image resolution from current time all the way back to April-16-2010!


Wavelength bands available to choose from:

94

This channel (as well as AIA 131) is designed to study solar flares. It measures extremely hot temperatures around 6 million Kelvin (10.8 million F). It can take images every 2 seconds (instead of 10) in a reduced field of view in order to look at flares in more detail.

Where: Flaring regions of the corona

Wavelength: 94 angstroms (0.0000000094 m) = Extreme Ultraviolet/soft X-rays

Primary ions seen: 17 times ionized iron (Fe XVIII)

Characteristic temperature: 6 million K (10.8 million F)


131

This channel (as well as AIA 094) is designed to study solar flares. It measures extremely hot temperatures around 10 million K (18 million F), as well as cool plasmas around 400,000 K (720,000 F). It can take images every 2 seconds (instead of 10) in a reduced field of view in order to look at flares in more detail.

Where: Flaring regions of the corona

Wavelength: 131 angstroms (0.0000000131 m) = Extreme Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: 20 and 7 times ionized iron (Fe VIII, Fe XXI)

Characteristic temperatures: 10 million K (18 million F)


171-1 & HMIB

This channel is especially good at showing coronal loops - the arcs extending off of the Sun where plasma moves along magnetic field lines. The brightest spots seen here are locations where the magnetic field near the surface is exceptionally strong.

Where: Quiet corona and upper transition region

Wavelength: 171 angstroms (0.0000000171 m) = Extreme Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: 8 times ionized iron (Fe IX)

Characteristic temperature: 1 million K (1.8 million F)


193

This channel highlights the outer atmosphere of the Sun - called the corona - as well as hot flare plasma. Hot active regions, solar flares, and coronal mass ejections will appear bright here. The dark areas - called coronal holes - are places where very little radiation is emitted, yet are the main source of solar wind particles.

Where: Corona and hot flare plasma

Wavelength: 193 angstroms (0.0000000193 m) = Extreme Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: 11 times ionized iron (Fe XII)

Characteristic temperature: 1.25 million K (2.25 million F)


211

This channel (as well as AIA 335) highlights the active region of the outer atmosphere of the Sun - the corona. Active regions, solar flares, and coronal mass ejections will appear bright here. The dark areas - called coronal holes - are places where very little radiation is emitted, yet are the main source of solar wind particles.

Where: Active regions of the corona

Wavelength: 211 angstroms (0.0000000211 m) = Extreme Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: 13 times ionized iron (Fe XIV)

Characteristic temperature: 2 million K (3.6 million F)


304

This channel is especially good at showing areas where cooler dense plumes of plasma (filaments and prominences) are located above the visible surface of the Sun. Many of these features either can't be seen or appear as dark lines in the other channels. The bright areas show places where the plasma has a high density.

Where: Upper chromosphere and lower transition region

Wavelength: 304 angstroms (0.0000000304 m) = Extreme Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: singly ionized helium (He II)

Characteristic temperature: 50,000 K (90,000 F)


335

This channel (as well as AIA 211) highlights the active region of the outer atmosphere of the Sun - the corona. Active regions, solar flares, and coronal mass ejections will appear bright here. The dark areas - or coronal holes - are places where very little radiation is emitted, yet are the main source of solar wind particles.

Where: Active regions of the corona

Wavelength: 335 angstroms (0.0000000335 m) = Extreme Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: 15 times ionized iron (Fe XVI)

Characteristic temperature: 2.8 million K (5 million F)


1600

This channel (as well as AIA 1700) often shows a web-like pattern of bright areas that highlight places where bundles of magnetic fields lines are concentrated. However, small areas with a lot of field lines will appear black, usually near sunspots and active regions.

Where: Transition region and upper photosphere

Wavelength: 1600 angstroms (0.00000016 m) = Far Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: thrice ionized carbon (C IV) and Continuum

Characteristic temperatures: 6,000 K (11,000 F), and 100,000 K (180,000 F)


1700

This channel (as well as AIA 1600) often shows a web-like pattern of bright areas that highlight places where bundles of magnetic fields lines are concentrated. However, small areas with a lot of field lines will appear black, usually near sunspots and active regions.

Where: Temperature minimum and photosphere

Wavelength: 1700 angstroms (0.00000017 m) = Far Ultraviolet

Primary ions seen: Continuum

Characteristic temperature: 6,000 K (11,000 F)


304-211-171 Blend

This image combines three images with quite different temperatures. The colors are assigned differently than in the single images. Here AIA 304 is red (showing the chromosphere), AIA 211 is green (corona), and AIA 171 is dark blue (corona).


094-335-193 Blend

This image combines three images with different temperatures. Each image is assigned a color, and they are not the same used in the single images. Here AIA 094 is red, AIA 335 is green, and AIA 193 is blue. Each highlights a different part of the corona.


211-193-171 Blend

This image combines three images with different, but very similar, temperatures. The colors are assigned differently than in the single images. Here AIA 211 is red, AIA 193 is green, and AIA 171 is blue. Each highlights a different part of the corona.


HMI Continuum


HMI Magneto-gram


Latest Release Notes

1.5 - May 21, 2020, 3:05 a.m.

- Added Swing Updater support!


Version history